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Vol 4 - Issue 1

Digital Archaeology

List of Articles

Archaeology, forest and Lidar: a research which has relief! Introduction

The LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) technique allows a very fine restitution of the topography from a laser scanner on board an aircraft. For several years now, this technology has been making archaeological remains visible over square kilometers of forest areas that (...)

LiDAR as a tool to study past land-use

The vestiges of past landscapes have come down to us and their study can inform us about the ancient occupation of the territories. LiDAR, coupled with traditional data sources, GIS and modelling, opens up new perspectives to better understand past landscapes and their (...)

Typology shown by LiDAR of fossilized agrarian features and field systems under forest cover in Lorraine

Frequently highlighted by remote sensing airborne laser scanning, the agrarian features and field systems are preserved in the forest, in the form of microrelief, covering large areas. The range of forms in which they are shown raises the question as to their origin and (...)

Contributions and limits of Lidar to Roman landscape study. Experience feedback on “Grésil” excavation (Normandy, France)

LidarLiDAR mapping have multiplied in recent years, revealing everywhere fossilized ancient landscapes in the topography. This truly consists of an archaeological revolution, comparable to the development of aerial surveys in the 1970s or preventive archaeology twenty years (...)

Pre-Hispanic agrarian developments in a volcanic environment: Analysis of LiDAR data from the Malpaís de Zacapu, Mexico

Recent LiDAR-based surveys in Mesoamerica (Mexico and Guatemala) slowly reveal the underestimated magnitude of prehispanic landscape management. Known residential sites prove to be integrated within deeply modified landscapes, primarily to be cultivated, thus highlighting (...)

Ancient itinerary between Corre (Haute-Saône) and Escles (Vosges) confirmed by the LiDAR: towards the recognition of portage ways between the Saône and the Moselle

LiDAR covers under forest allow to identify rural settlements and roads. Since 1989, the association Escles-Archéologie has been organizing surveys and listing the ancient ways of the Vôge. One of them attracts particular attention because its substructures make it easy to (...)

Semi-automated mapping and classification of trench networks and casings on the Verdun battlefield using Airborne LiDAR

In 2013, an airborne LiDAR mission conducted over the Verdun battlefield has brought to light World War IOne landforms. Concealed by a large forest cover of 10,000 ha, these reliefs, called polemoforms in reference to J.-P. Amat’s research (1987, 2001, 2015), are direct (...)

The Tronçais National Forest (Allier): from the LiDAR acquisition to the archaeological field approach

The national forest of Tronçais is one of the most beautiful oak forests in Europe, covering 11,600 hectares in the center of France, in Allier. Known for a long time to shelter remains, especially Gallo-Roman, this forest and its surroundings have benefited from a LidarLiDAR (...)

Exploitation of LiDAR data in a diachronic and multi-source geoarchaeological approach: the example of the Messigny plateau on the Val Suzon territory (Côte-d’Or).

Since 2015, the Regional Natural Reserve of Val Suzon (Côte-d’Or) has been the subject of archaeological researches based particularly on the analysis of LiDAR datas acquired in 2013. Thanks to these datas, many traces of activities preserved under the forest can be identified (...)

Airborne LiDAR by UAV: for a micro-topographic focus on the scale of a wooded archaeological site. Methodology and feedback.

In the panel of non-invasive techniques, LiDAR airborne surveys by airplanes, helicopters or even satellites have, for several decades, proved their utility in the exploration of large wooded, forest or inaccessible sectors. The miniaturization of the sensors made it (...)

The forest massif of Mervent-Vouvant (Vendée) from Protohistory to the present day: first elements of an archaeological and archaeogeographical survey.

The paper presents research carried out as part of a Collective Research Project on the Mervent-Vouvant forest in Vendée since 2018 following LiDAR acquisition. The latter made possible to substantially renew and complete the archaeological knowledge of this forest and to (...)

Archaeology, forest and Lidar: a research which has relief! Conclusion

The ten articles in this issue have given us a broad overview of the use of LiDAR technologies for the study of archaeological remains under dense forest or vegetation cover. Coming from a variety of contexts with studies of which a good part is unpublished, the numerous (...)