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Archaeology, Society and Environment

Archéologie, société et environnement




ASE - ISSN 2752-4507 - © ISTE Ltd

Aims and scope

Objectifs de la revue

The journal Archaeology, Society and Environment (ASE) is open primarily to archaeological research that addresses the relationships between societies and their environment. The themes are varied and concern the economy of societies : exploitation and management of resources, distribution and consumption of production, waste management. The articles may also address the issue of the resilience of societies in the face of environmental change or focus on better defining the anthropization of environments at different scales of time and space.

 

The results of programmed or preventive operations may concern rural or urban housing sites, developed environments (roads, agricultural plots, territories) or anthropized natural environments (wetlands, forests, etc.). The data analysis will be based on archaeological, archaeozoological, archaeobotanical, geoarchaeological, spatial and other studies. The thematic volumes will also include contributions from other disciplines : history, geography or environmental sciences.

 

The published results will contribute in an integrative way to better define the long-term relationships between societies and their environments, with no chronological or geographical limits.

La revue Archéologie, société et environnement (ASE) est ouverte prioritairement aux recherches archéologiques qui abordent les relations entre les sociétés avec leur environnement. Les thématiques sont variées et concernent l’économie des sociétés : exploitation et gestion des ressources, distribution et consommation des productions, gestion des déchets. Les articles pourront également traiter la question de la résilience des sociétés face aux changements environnementaux ou s’attacher à mieux définir l’anthropisation des milieux, à différentes échelles de temps et d’espace.

 

Les résultats issus d’opérations programmées ou préventives peuvent concerner des sites d’habitat rural ou urbain, des milieux aménagés (voies, parcelles, territoires) ou des milieux naturels anthropisés (zones humides, forêts, etc.). L’analyse des données sera issue d’études archéologiques, archéozoologiques, archéobotaniques, géoarchéologiques, spatiale, etc. Les volumes thématiques accueilleront également des contributions d’autres disciplines : histoire, géographie ou sciences de l’environnement.

 

Les résultats publiés contribueront dans une optique intégrative à mieux définir les relations sur le temps long entre les sociétés et leurs milieux, sans limite chronologique ni géographique.

Journal issues

2024

Volume 24- 4

Issue 1

2023

Volume 23- 3

Issue 1

2019

Volume 19- 1

Issue 1

Recent articles

Forests in the county of Nantes in the 15th century: state of the art and perspectives
Brice RABOT

Forests in the county of Nantes during the 15th century have long considered as badly handled and maintained. Seigniorial accounts lead to ask some new questions. This paper aims to sum up issues and current researches in order to take another look at this question. Tensions are increasing in the end of the Middle Ages, with several crises on territories and societies linked with the destructions of war and depredations. By studying seigniorial accounts historians could enlighten very contrasting situations depending on the main trade roads. In this special case, livestock farming is developed and put pressure on forest territories with glandees and panages. Other topics such as hunting and enclosed parks are unevenly informed by seigniorial accounts. There is a lack of field investigations to study more precisely these themes.


The Passion-Clipperton
Anthropogenic traces on an uninhabited French atoll in the Pacific Ocean
Anthony Tchékémian, Patrick Leleu

Passion Island-Clipperton is currently free of continuous and regular human settlement, but supports a large colony of birds, crabs, rats and plant species. However, from the remnants of past human occupation to the plastic waste brought in daily by the sea, it is subject to human interaction. Following an international scientific mission, we focussed on the nature of the anthropic remains, i.e. their history, dispersion, dynamics and effects on the environment. Overall, this study addresses the history, uses, activities on and around the atoll, as well as leisure activities, human appropriation and territorial claims. The processing of this data has considerable heuristic value for the human and social sciences. The problem of waste is considered not only as a reverse side of production, but also as a research object combining historical, geographical, economic, geopolitical, landscape, environmental, ecological and symbolic dimensions. In this way, the study provides an opportunity to consider and debate the effects of the current economic and environmental crises.


Presentation
Paul Bacoup, Juliette Taïeb

This special issue of the journal Archéologie, société et environnement (vol. 3, no 1) is dedicated to the publication of the proceedings of the international meeting entitled "Journées Bois. Échanges interdisciplinaires sur le bois et les sociétés" held on October 18 and 19, 2021 at the INHA in Paris. The aim of these days was to bring together all approaches to the study of wood, with no geographical barriers, no chronological limits, whatever the discipline.


Editorial. Journées Bois: Interdisciplinary Meeting on Wood and Societies
Paul Bacoup, Juliette Taïeb

This editorial note introduces the publication of the proceedings of the international meeting entitled "Journées bois: Interdisciplinary Meeting on Wood and Societies" organized on October 18th and 19th, 2021 at the Institut National d’Histoire de l’Art in Paris. Over these two days, thirty-three oral communications and nine posters were presented by researchers and students in the natural sciences and humanities, as well as architects, engineers and craftspeople, on four different themes : i) methods and techniques for studying wood in archaeological contexts, ii) wood resources, climate and societies – reconstructing environments and interactions, iii) wood craftsmen, and iv) wood in societies – analysing woodworking techniques. The aim of these days was to bring together all the possible different approaches to studying and working with wood, without any geographical barriers or chronological limits, no matter the discipline involved. These proceedings comprise twenty-two papers based on oral contributions and posters presented at the Journées Bois.


Wood in a unexpected state. Traces of neolithic and protohistoric installations in pits and ditches of acid and well-drained silty soils (Middle Belgium and northern France)
Kai Fechner, Clément Menbrivès, Frédéric Broes, Hugues Doutrelepont(†), Olivier Vrielynck

Neolithic settlement structures and protohistoric burials on well-drained and deeply decarbonated silts have revealed blackish horizontal laminated traces that we have called dark clayey laminations. Micromorphology and botany allow us to relate them to wood in specific anthropic installations and contexts (ovens, pits, tombs, ditches, etc.). Archaeo-pedological and botanical studies had made it possible to specify the diversified nature of these installations, their function and their mode of conservation. A new study of some of the thin sections by a botanist and micromorphologist brings some insights that are more precise.


A blade to cleave wood/antler: how to work hard materials of vegetal and animal origin in the Lower Magdalenian (Taillis des Coteaux, Vienne, France)?
Margot Damery, Claire Houmard

During the Upper Palaeolithic, the boom in the work of bone materials reflects a diversity of techniques for its implementation. Splitting is part of this technological diversity, in the same way as grooves and splitting, these two techniques consisting in extracting elongated supports. Because it often went unnoticed, the evidence of splitting during the Magdalenian period is rare. Our study allowed us to examine its presence among the technical practices dedicated to the bone industry for this period, by questioning its methods of application and its links with the vegetal sphere. Wood is sometimes exceptionally preserved for the Magdalenian and almost absent at the Taillis des Coteaux (Vienne). The use of splitting allows us to indirectly approach the idea of a technical interaction of hard materials from the vegetal and animal worlds. We propose in this article a new look at this technical choice, by studying it in a systemic way around the different materials involved, using a technical and structural analysis of the tools, coupled with the results of the very first experimental tests that we drove. This part of the work made it possible to recognize splitting actions in the Early Magdalenian levels of the Taillis des Coteaux (17,500–16,900 BP) and to describe stigmata left on the debitage waste and the potential tools used.


Contribution of 14C wiggle-matching to dendroarchaeology of coastal Birnirk and Thule sites in northern Alaska
Juliette Taïeb, Valérie Daux, Claire Alix, Christine Hatté

Along the coast of Northern Alaska, wood remains from Birnirk and Thule archaeological sites are extremely well-preserved and have the potential to document climatic variations and cultural transformations in the early 2nd millennium CE in northwest Alaska. In this treeless coastal tundra, the primary wood resource is driftwood that come from the boreal forest carried by major interior rivers and ocean currents. While in northern Alaska, some Birnirk and Thule archaeological wood samples can be dated using the rare existing millennial tree ring master chronologies, many come from geographical areas where tree-ring master chronologies are too short (250-300 years). Here, we explore the potential of high-resolution wiggle-matching to accurately date tree-ring series that cannot be dated by conventional dendrochronology and develop preliminary tree-ring chronologies. We present the wiggle-matching results based on 75 radiocarbon dates for eight archaeological timbers from the Piġniq, Rising Whale and Pingusugruk coastal sites in northern Alaska. Wiggle-matching makes it possible to reduce the calendrical interval of these timbers’ last growth ring from centennial to decadal range and position 22 timbers in calendar time. These results open new insights into tree-ring dating of others Birnirk and Thule architectural treering samples and analyzing climatic variations of the early 2nd millennium CE, in different regions of Alaska.

Editorial Board


Editors in chief

Christophe PETIT
Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
christophe.petit@univ-paris1.fr

 

Ségolène VANDEVELDE
Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
segolene.vandevelde@univ-paris1.fr


Co-Editors
 

Sophie ARCHAMBAULT de BEAUNE
Université de Lyon 3
sophie.de-beaune@univ-lyon3.fr


Laure FONTANA
CNRS – Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
Laure.Fontana@cnrs.fr

 

Fabrice GUIZARD
Université polytechnique des Hauts de France
fabrice.guizard@uphf.fr


Cyril MARCIGNY
INRAP
cyril.marcigny@inrap.fr


Hervé RICHARD
CNRS – Université de Franche-Comté
herve.richard@univ-fcomte.fr


Sandrine ROBERT
EHESS GGh-Terres
sandrine.robert@ehess.fr


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